He graduated from Yale in 1951 (Phi Beta Kappa), where he studied philosophy.
He was also a student at the Sorbonne, Paris and Conservatoire Nationale de Music, where he studied clarinet and was awarded the Premier Prix.
Significantly, he was also an accomplished pianist and clarinettist – playing in both jazz and chamber groups.
This interest in improvisation and structure was mirrored in his academic writing, most notably in his exploration of professional’s ability to ‘think on their feet’.
There is a concern with professional learning, learning processes in organizations, and with developing critical, self-reflecting practice.