Indonesia's republican form of government includes an elected parliament and president.
The first Indonesian scholar to use the name was Suwardi Suryaningrat (Ki Hajar Dewantara), when in 1913 he established a press bureau in the Netherlands, Indonesisch Pers-bureau.
Austronesian peoples, who form the majority of the modern population, migrated to Southeast Asia from present-day Taiwan.
Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country.
Indonesia's economy is the world's 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 7th largest by GDP at PPP.
Muslim traders and Sufi scholars brought the now-dominant Islam, while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolise trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery.